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Kidneys are essentially blood-cleansing organs. Your kidneys serve several vital functions, including:
Remove waste from the body in the form of urine
Filter toxins from the blood
Help to regulate blood pressure and the balance of certain important nutrients, including potassium and calcium
What is dialysis?
Dialysis is a life-saving process that artificially replaces the functions of the kidney. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis involves removing blood from the body and filtering it in a machine. Peritoneal dialysis is internal or in-body dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis entails use of a blood-cleansing solution called “dialysate” that is injected into the peritoneal cavity, the region of the abdomen that is lined by the peritoneum.